What RELEC does and stands for
RELEC stands for Regional Law Enforcement Cooperation on irregular migration, migrant smuggling and human trafficking. It is an initiative among Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Iran, Iraq, Pakistan and Turkey (lead country). RELEC’s main objective is to enhance regional cooperation on preventing irregular migration, migrant smuggling and human trafficking.
The International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) facilitates this cooperation as one component of the Silk Routes Project. RELEC aims at establishing a better transnational response against criminal networks involved in migration related crimes. The initiative envisages the establishment of National Contact Points (NCPs), the exchange of statistical data and the establishment of an early warning information system. Its activities shall be guided by and implemented under a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to be signed by the appropriate authority of each participating country.
The RELEC network was initiated in October 2015 by Turkey and ICMPD through funding from the European Union, Bulgaria, Hungary, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. During its initial pilot phase (October 2015 – July 2017), the six RELEC countries elaborated the final version of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) that defines the RELEC cooperation structure.
The project supports the operationalisation of the Memorandum of Understanding through training of the National Contact Points on gathering, distributing and analysing statistical information, establishing a process on exchanging the quarterly statistical report and a well-functioning early warning system.
More information is available in the RELEC fact sheet November 2019